Assorted Fatawa (Rulings) Regarding Ramadhan

Here are an assortment of different ruling in regards to Ramadhan and things related to Ramadhan. All of these ruling are taken from the ‘Ulema (Religious Scholars of note) and can be researched and traced back to their respective source easily.

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Careless in making-up missed days of fasting

Reference: http://mufti.af.org.sa/ar/content/من-يتأخر-في-القضاء-آثم-ويلزمه-القضاء-والتوبة

Question: I was careless in making-up some of the days which I was required to fast from the previous [month of] Ramadhaan until the arrival of the following month [of Ramadhaan]; so what am I [now] required to do?

Response: In principle, Allaah (Jalla wa ‘Alaa) has told us:{…then an equal number of days [are to be made up]}, soorah al-Baqarah, aayah 184

…so Allaah has permitted the traveller not to fast, and has legislated for him to make-up [the missed days] on other days [after Ramadhaan has passed].

[Importantly], He did not stipulate [for them to be made-up during] a particular month, rather [any time] from Shawwaal through to the [end of the] next [month of] Sha’baan – all of it is open to choice.

And if the number of days remaining in Sha’baan are equal to the number of days of Ramadhaan required to be made-up, then he is required to hasten in making-up [these days]. And if he does not do so, then he has sinned, and he is then required to make-up those [remaining] days after [the passing of] the coming Ramadhaan as well as feeding a poor and needy person for each day remaining to be made-up; in addition he must turn to Allaah in repentance for the delay [in making-up the missed days] without [an Islaamically acceptable] reason.

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When are you excused from fasting whilst traveling?

Reference: http://mufti.af.org.sa/ar/content/ما-السفر-المبيح-للفطر

Question: If a person travelled [during Ramadhaan] for pleasure or other than that, is he excused from fasting? And what are the conditions for travel [during Ramadhaan] which would excuse one from fasting?

Response: Allaah (Jalla wa ‘A’laa) says:{…and whoever is ill or on a journey – then an equal number of other days [after Ramadhaan]}, soorah al-Baqarah, aayah 185

So the traveller who travels [during Ramadhaan] a distance which legally permits him to shorten his prayer, then he is excused from fasting – so long as the purpose of his travel is permissible, and not for any sin.

Allaah says:{So whoever sights [the new moon of] the month, let him fast it; and whoever is ill or on a journey – then an equal number of other days [after Ramadhaan].}, soorah al-Baqarah, aayah 185

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The pregnant and breastfeeding woman in Ramadhaan

Reference: http://mufti.af.org.sa/ar/content/الحامل-والمرضع-عليهما-القضاء-والإطعام

Question: Is the pregnant woman and the breastfeeding woman required to make-up the fast [of the days missed in Ramadhaan] if they did not fast out of fear for their [unborn and breastfeeding] child? It’s just that I heard from some of the brothers that they are not required to do so. That is because they are included in the statement of Allaah:{And upon those who are able [to fast, but with hardship] – a ransom [as substitute] of feeding a poor person [each day]}, soorah al-Baqarah, aayah 184

Response: They are both required to make-up the fast [for the days missed in Ramadhaan] as well as feed a poor and needy person for every day [of fasting they missed]. That is because they [both] did not fast because of the[ir unborn and breastfeeding] child. [As for] the traveller and the menstruating woman, then they are only required to make-up the fast [for the days missed in Ramadhaan] – without [the need to] feed a poor and needy person [for every day of fasting they missed].

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Did not fast during Ramadhaan for 4 years

Reference: http://mufti.af.org.sa/ar/content/عليك-القضاء-مع-إطعام-مسكين-عن-كل-يوم

Question: I inform your excellency that I started my menses when I was young – approximately 13 years of age. And [thereafter] for 4 years the month of Ramadhaan passed by and I did not fast, because of my ignorance [of its obligation upon me] and not [really] knowing [about it] since we used to live in the desert. At that time I did not [even] pray the obligatory prayers. Bearing in mind that I am now 38 years of age, and am suffering from an inflammation of my bowels, what do you advise me with? Am I required to fast in this condition, or should I [suffice with] making an expiation, bearing in mind that I had made the intention to go for hajj this year [as well]? Advise us, and may [Allaah] reward you.

Response: You are required to make-up the fasts [of Ramadhaan] you missed for those 4 years, in addition to feeding a poor and needy person for every day [of fasting] you missed [during that time]. That is because you delayed making-up the fasts without [a legislated] reason. [In addition,] you must [also] repent to Allaah. [All of this] does not prevent you from going for hajj. As for the [obligatory] prayers you missed during the period you mentioned, then you must sincerely repent [to Allaah] for that, and you are not required to make-up [these prayers you have missed] because of the difficulty in [doing] that.

The taraaweeh prayer at home

Reference: Fataawa al-Lajnah ad-Daa.imah lil-Buhooth al-‘Ilmiyyah wal-Iftaa. – Question No.4 of Fatwa No.7617

Question: With the advent of the month of Ramadhaan, when the time for the taraaweeh prayer arrives, should I go to the masjid or pray [the taraaweeh prayer] at home? [Bearing in mind] I am not the imaam, but one of the congregation, and I love to read the Qur.aan, and I prefer to recite the Qur.aan by listening to myself, and [so] if I were to pray the taraaweeh prayer at home is there any sin upon me [for doing so]?

Response: [As a rule] there is no harm in you praying it (the taraaweeh prayer) at home, since it is [a] voluntary [prayer]. However, praying it together with the imaam in the masjid is better – following the example of the Prophet (sal-Allaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) and his companions (radhi-yAllaahu ‘anhum). And [this is] based upon what the Prophet (sal-Allaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) said to his companions when he prayed the taraaweeh prayer on some of the nights until a third of the night, and [then] some of them [who sought to pray more] said to him “O Messenger of Allaah, if [only] you [continued to] lead us in voluntary prayer [for] the remainder of this night of ours.” […to which he responded]:

«Whoever stands [in prayer] with the imaam until he finishes, Allaah will record for him [the reward of] spending the entire night in prayer.» – transmitted by Ahmad, Abu Daawood, an-Nasaa.ee, at-Tirmidhee and Ibn Maajah. They [all] transmitted it with a Hasan chain of narration, from the hadeeth of Abu Dharr (radhi-yAllaahu ‘anhu).

And with Allaah lies all the success, and may Allaah send prayers and salutations upon our Prophet Muhammad (sal-Allaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) and his family and his companions.

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At the service of the Prophet ﷺ

Reference: al-Ajwibah wal-Buhooth wal-Mudaarasaat – p449-450, no.541
Sharh at-Tahaawiyyah

Question: When observing the case of ‘Aa.ishah (radhi-yAllaahu ‘anhaa), it’s difficult [to comprehend] that she delayed making-up the [missed] fasts [of the previous Ramadhaan] until Sha’baan. So the question arises, did she not fast the voluntary fasts which were encouraged?

Response: Fasting the voluntary fasts is not obligatory, rather it is a sunnah [to do so].

As for ‘Aa.ishah (radhi-yAllaahu ‘anhaa), then since she did not fast the voluntary fasts, and was only occupied with making-up the [missed] fasts [of the previous Ramadhaan] in Sha’baan, she said [this was]: «Because of the status of the Messenger of Allaah (sal-Allaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam).»

What she meant by this was that [her priorities had changed, and] she had moved from fasting the voluntary fasts to that which was better than that – and that was to observe the status of the Prophet (sal-Allaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) by serving him, and fulfilling his needs.

[So] because of this, she did not fast the voluntary fasts, rather, she had moved to that which was better – and that was serving the Prophet (sal-Allaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) and observing his (sal-Allaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam’s) status.

The best of fasts

Reference: al-Ajwibah wal-Buhooth wal-Mudaarasaat – p446, no.535
Sharh Masaa.il al-Jaahiliyyah

Question: How are we to understand the Prophet (sal-Allaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) encouraging ‘Abdullaah ibn ‘Amr al-’Aas (radhi-yAllaahu ‘anhu) with the fast of [Prophet] Daawood (‘alayhis-salaam), whilst he himself did not fast it despite it being the best of fasts?

Response: This [advice] was because of the strength of ‘Abdullaah ibn ‘Amr al-’Aas (radhi-yAllaahu ‘anhu); he was a strong young man, and liked to fast a lot. So the Prophet (sal-Allaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) advised him with the best of fasts – and that is the fast of Daawood (‘alayhis-salaam) – that he fasts every other day.

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How much Qur’aan to read during Ramadhaan

Reference: http://mufti.af.org.sa/ar/content/فضل-قراءة-القرآن-الكريم

Question: How many parts of the Qur.aan can a Muslim read in a day during Ramadhaan?

Response: You should read according to what is easy for you, but [taking care to do so] with contemplation and thought of the meaning [of what you are reading]; just as in the words of the Prophet (sal-Allaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam):«So whoever reads an aayah from the Qur.aan, then for him is a reward for every letter [he reads]; I do not say that ‘Alif-Laam-Meem’ is a letter; rather Alif is a letter, Laam is a letter and Meem is a letter.»

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In Ramadhaan, she completed her menses before Fajr

Reference: http://mufti.af.org.sa/ar/content/يلزمها-الإمساك-والاغتسال-لصلاة-الفجر

Question: A woman completed her menses before Fajr, but did not have a bath [or shower] until after sunrise; so should she be fasting or not?

Response: If her bleeding stopped before the arrival of Fajr, then she is required to fast – even if she delays her bath [or shower]. However, it is not permissible for her to wait until sunrise, she should instead hasten in having a bath [or shower] as soon as her bleeding stops so she can pray the Fajr prayer on time. And it is not permissible for her to delay the bath [or shower] until after sunrise.

Supplication when breaking the fast

Reference: http://mufti.af.org.sa/ar/content/الدعاء-المستحب-عند-الفطر

Question: What is the recommended supplication [to utter] at the time of breaking the fast?

Response: It has been narrated that when the Prophet (sal-Allaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) would break his fast, he would say:« ذهب الظمأ، وابتلت العروق، وثبت الأجر إن شاء الله »
«The thirst is gone, the veins are moistened, and the reward is established – if Allaah wills.» – Abu Daawood, 2357.

It has [also] been narrated [that He (sal-Allaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) would say]:« اللهم لك صمت، وعلى رزقك أفطرت »
«O Allaah, for you I fasted, and by your provision, I [now] break the fast.» – Abu Daawood, 2358.

…that said however, the time of breaking the fast is a time when the supplication [to Allaah] is accepted; so the Muslim should seek out those beneficial and encompassing supplications – and supplicate with them seeking what he desires, with hope in Allaah [that He will accept the supplication].

The fast of the one who has lost his memory

Reference: http://mufti.af.org.sa/ar/content/حكم-صيام-فاقد-الذاكرة

Question: An elderly man who has lost his memory, has suffered a stroke and lost his sense of touch; so is he required to fast or not?

Response: The one who has lost his memory due to old age, and has lost all sensation and does not pray because he is unable to do so, then he is not to fast, and nor is he required to feed (fidyah) [anyone for the fasts he misses], and nor is anyone required to fast on his behalf [after his death – to make-up for the fasts he has missed due to his medical condition].

Became excited after kissing his wife whilst fasting

Reference: http://mufti.af.org.sa/ar/content/أفطر-بسبب-تقبيل

Question: A man invalidated his fast as he ejaculated semen having become excited after kissing his wife. Is he required to make-up the fast [for that day] as well as make an expiation, or what should he do?

Response: He is only required to make-up the fast [for that day].

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Women attending the Taraaweeh prayer

Reference: http://mufti.af.org.sa/ar/content/حضور-المرأة-للتراويح-جائز

Question: What is the ruling regarding women attending the taraaweeh [prayer]? And what is best [for them] in that regard?

Response: If women attend [the taraaweeh prayer], then it is permissible with the condition that they do not perfume themselves nor beautify themselves; and if they were to pray at home, then that is best [for them].

The origin of the Taraaweeh prayer

Reference: http://mufti.af.org.sa/ar/content/أصل-صلاة-التراويح

Question: What has the taraaweeh [تراويح] prayer been named as such; what is the origin behind it?

Response: It is said that it has been named as such because they were resting [يرتاحون] after [praying] every two rak’ahs – due to their long [period of] standing [in prayer].

And its origin is the act of the Prophet (sal-Allaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) when he prayed [the night prayer] with the people on the first day, and [again] on the second day. So when the masjid became full [with the worshipers having amassed in congregation] – on the third day he did not [leave home to] go out [to the masjid] out of fear for them that it (the night prayer) may be made obligatory upon them.

So when he (sal-Allaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) died, [it was] ‘Umar ibn al-Khattaab (radhi-yAllaahu ‘anhu) [who then] gathered them all [in congregation for this prayer during Ramadhaan] behind one imaam.

On the occasion of the middle ten days of Ramadhaan

Reference: http://mufti.af.org.sa/ar/content/أوله-رحمة-وأوسطه-مغفرة

Question: [O] noble Shaykh, what are your words [of advice] as we welcome the middle ten days of the blessed [month] of Ramadhaan?

Response: I ask Allaah to grant us the towfeeq to continue upon righteous actions, and to make all the days of this month of ours to be [full] of good and blessings. So the middle ten [days] are as the Prophet (sal-Allaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) said:«The beginning of it is mercy, and the middle of it is forgiveness…»

So we ask Allaah to forgive our errors, and to overlook our lapses, and to grant us the towfeeq to be thankful for His blessings and [the towfeeq] to worship Him as He is deserving, and to rectify the affairs of our leaders, and to guide them to all that is good.

From the etiquettes of fasting

Reference: http://mufti.af.org.sa/ar/content/من-آداب-الصيام

Question: We would like an explanation about some of the recommended etiquettes of fasting, so we can benefit [by putting them into practice].

Response: From the recommended etiquettes of fasting is to delay the suhoor (pre-dawn meal), such that he finishes it just before the arrival of [the time of] Fajr, and to hasten in breaking the fast [at the time of Maghrib]. Also, from the recommended acts is to increase in:

  • the remembrance of Allaah;
  • the tasbeeh (uttering [سبحان الله]);
  • the tahleel (uttering [لا إله إلا الله]);
  • the tahmeed (uttering [الحمد لله]);
  • the recitation of the Qur.aan;
  • do various types of good deeds – the greatest of them being the taraaweeh prayer, and to maintain it [throughout the month of Ramadhaan].

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That which invalidates the fast

Reference: al-Mulakhkhas al-Fiqhee – Volume 1, Pages 268-270

It is obligatory for the Muslim to know of all that invalidates the fast so as to be aware of them. They include:

1) Sexual intercourse: Whenever the fasting person has sexual intercourse, his fast is invalidated. Subsequently, he is required to make up the fast for that day in which he had sexual intercourse in addition to paying a penalty (kaffaarah) which is to free a slave. If he is unable to find a slave or funds that are equal to that, then he is required to fast consecutively for two months. If he is unable to fast for two months, due to an Islaamically acceptable reason, he is to feed 60 poor people half a saa’ each from the food common in that land.

2) Excretion of semen as a result of kissing, touching with desire, masturbation or persistently looking at that which arouses the desire. In this case, the fast is invalidated and he is required to make up for that day without paying a penalty (kaffaarah), since paying a penalty is specific to having had sexual intercourse.

3) Intentionally eating and drinking, due to that which Allaah (Subhaanahu wa Ta’aala) says:

{…and eat and drink until the white thread (light) of dawn appears to you distinct from the black thread (darkness of night), then complete your Sawm (fast) till the nightfall}, [Soorah al-Baqarah, Aayah 187]

As for he who eats and drinks out of forgetfulness, then this does not affect his fast as is mentioned in the following hadeeth:

«Whoever forgetfully eats or drinks, then he should complete his fast, for indeed it was Allaah who provided him the food and drink»

And from that which breaks the fast is water and other such substances to pass his throat via his nose. This is known as as-Sa’oof. Likewise, taking a nutritional injection directly into the vein and taking a blood transfusion whilst fasting. All of these invalidate the fast, as it constitutes nutrition for the body.

As regards a non-nutritional injection, then it is better for one who is fasting to avoid this so as to protect his fast. The Prophet (sal-Allaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) said:

«Leave that which you are doubtful [about] for that which are not doubtful [about]»

And as such delay it until after having broken the fast at the time of Maghrib.

4) As for extracting blood via cupping or opening a vein or donating blood for medical reasons, then all of this invalidates the fast. As regards giving a small blood sample for testing purposes, then this does not affect the fast. Likewise, this applies to the unintentional flow of blood resulting from a nose bleed, injury or having a tooth removed. All of these do not affect the fast.

5) Intentional vomiting also invalidates the fast. However, the fast is not affected if he is overcome and is forced to vomit without intending so. This is based upon the statement of the Prophet (sal-Allaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam):

«Whoever is overcome [and forced] to vomit, then he is not required to make up [the fast for that day] and whoever intentionally vomits then he must make up [the fast for that day]»

The fasting person should not exert himself whilst gargling and sniffing water up his nose [when making wudhoo] because it is quite possible the water may pass his throat and thereby enter his stomach. The Prophet (sal-Allaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) said:

«[Whilst making wudhoo] exert yourself in sniffing water up the nose except if you are fasting»

Using the miswaak (tooth-stick) does not affect the fast, rather it is recommended, whether fasting or not, throughout the day.

His fast is not affected if any dust or even a fly was to reach his throat.

It is obligatory for the fasting person to refrain from lying, backbiting and swearing, even if someone was to swear at him. If this is the case, he should say:

«[Indeed], I am fasting»

Certainly, some people find it easy to abstain from food and drink but find it difficult to abandon that which has become a habit for them from evil speech and actions. This is why some of the Pious Predecessors have said:

«The easiest [type of] fast is abstaining from food and drink»

So it is upon the Muslim to fear Allaah and be aware of Him and His Greatness and the fact that He Sees all that we do, such that absolutely nothing remains hidden from him. In doing this, he should protect his fast from all that invalidates it or reduces it’s reward so that his fast remains correct and, in shaa.-Allaah, is accepted by Allaah.

It is befitting for the fasting person to busy himself in the remembrance of Allaah, reciting the Qur.aan and increasing in the performance of naafilah (voluntary) prayers.

It used to be that when the Pious Predecessors would fast, they would sit in the masaajid and they would say:

«We shall protect our fast and not backbite anyone»

The Prophet (sal-Allaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) said:

«Whoever does not abandon evil speech and actions, then Allaah is not in need of him having left his food and drink (i.e. fasting)»

This is because seeking nearness to Allaah is not complete simply by leaving our personal desires [of eating and drinking, etc]. Rather, it is by leaving that which Allaah has prohibited at all times in terms of lying, oppression and the like. In a narration, Abu Hurayrah said:

«The fast is accepted as worship so long as no Muslim has been backbitten or harmed»

And it is narrated by Anas, who said:

«The one who has backbitten the people whilst fasting has not really fasted»

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Knowingly or forgetfully having intercourse during the day in Ramadhaan

Reference: Fataawa Ramadhaan – Volume 2, Page 431, Fatwa No.356
Fiqh al-‘Ibaadaat – Pages 197-198

Question: What is the ruling regarding knowingly or forgetfully having sexual intercourse during the day in Ramadhaan? And what is required of him [in either case]?

Response: Having sexual intercourse during the day in Ramadhaan is like any of the other factors which constitute breaking the fast; [That said], if the person is travelling, then there is no harm in him having done so – whether he was fasting or not. However, if he was fasting, then he is required to make up the fast for that day.

If, however, he was from those upon whom the fast was obligatory and he forgetfully had sexual intercourse during the day in Ramadhaan, then there is no penalty for him; This is because if anyone forgetfully falls foul of any of the factors which constitute breaking the fast, then his fast is valid.

And if he knowingly had sexual intercourse during the day in Ramadhaan, then five matters are incumbent upon him:

  1. The sin [of the act];
  2. The invalidity of the fast for that day;
  3. Continuing to abstain [from all factors which render the fast invalid – by assuming the conditions of the fasting person];
  4. Making up the fast for that day;
  5. Making an expiation.

And the expiation is done by freeing a slave; And if he is unable, then he is required to fast [daily] for two consecutive months; And if he is unable, then he is required to feed sixty poor and needy people, as mentioned in the hadeeth of Abu Hurayrah (radhi-yAllaah ‘anhu):

A man came to the Prophet (sal-Allaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) and said: “O Messenger of Allaah, I am destroyed!” The Prophet (sal-Allaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam said:«What has destroyed you?»

He said: “I had sexual intercourse with my wife [during the day] in Ramadhaan whilst I was fasting.” So the Prophet (sal-Allaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) mentioned to him the various types of expiation:«Free a slave»

So the man said: “I am unable.” Then he (sal-Allaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) said:«Fast [daily] for two consecutive months»

So the man said: “I am unable.” Then he (sal-Allaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) said:«Feed sixty poor and needy people»

So the man said: “I am unable”, and then he sat down. Dates were then brought to the Prophet (sal-Allaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) and he said to him:«Take this and give it in charity»

So the man said: “To someone who is more poor than me O Messenger of Allaah?! For indeed, by Allaah, there is no household between the two volcanic sites (namely Madeenah) more poor than mine!” So the Prophet (sal-Allaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) laughed [at the response of this man] until his molar teeth were visible, and then he (sal-Allaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) said to him:«Feed it to your family»

Advice to the Muslim woman for Ramadhaan

Reference: http://mufti.af.org.sa/ar/content/المرأة-وهي-تطبخ-في-عبادة-لله

Question: The Muslim woman generally spends most of her time in the kitchen, busy preparing various types of food, so [as a result] she misses out on taking advantage of the time during the month of Ramadhaan [to increase in the worship of Allaah]. So do you have any advice for the Muslim woman [in this regard]?

Response: Her service to her home is an act of worship, and fulfilling the requirements of her home and her children is [all] an act of worship. So [whilst she is engaged in running her home] she is [actually] engaged in the worship of Allaah. So she can [also] take advantage of her time to engage in the remembrance of Allaah – even if it is while she is preparing the food, because that is permissible; and All Praise is due to Allaah [alone].

He does not pray, but fasts during Ramadhaan

Reference: http://mufti.af.org.sa/ar/content/حكم-من-صام-وهو-تارك-للصلاة

Question: What is the ruling regarding the one who fasts [the month of] Ramadhaan, whilst he has abandoned the prayer?

Response: The prayer is the most important pillar of Islaam after tawheed. So whoever does not pray, then I fear his fast will not be accepted. That is because a group from amongst the people of knowledge are of the opinion that abandoning prayer is disbelief, and therefore believe the fast [of Ramadhaan] is not accepted from the one who does not pray, [because] prayer is more important [in rank] than the fast [of Ramadhaan].